عنوان مقاله [English]
In the majority of spaces that are similar to each other in various houses, recognizing and categorizing common behavioral patterns in different spaces of a house updates the architects’ and designers’ knowledge. It also increases their better understanding of users’ behavioral needs and interests at any time. It also helps them to avoid using old and unpractical clichés in house designing. The Appearance of various behaviors over time has led this study to identify and analyze behavioral patterns in housing spaces by reviewing the current location of users in the form of behavior settings. The information in this research is descriptive-analytic and is obtained by using non-interventional evaluations of the observable samples, by using researcher-made tools in the form of identification tables of behavior settings together with the users’ drawing. In this research, all behaviors in each of the housing spaces were identified with all synomorphics, probability of occurrence, and other indicators of behavioral settings. The findings of this research identify a network of behavior settings in housing along with all their characteristics, temporal, and spatial features.
The most important principle in organizing spatial behavior settings of housings is to pay attention to the temporal organization of behaviors. By using this method, one can obtain the spatial features pertinent to the places where there are the occurrences of behaviors. It is possible to design space for optimal use of daylight, according to the time interval of the occurrence of behavior settings. The improvement of the internal structure (arrangement of furniture and accessories) is also possible with the spatial layout of the house based on concomitance and time intervals. Spatial concomitance and spatial sequences of occurrence of behaviors in the behavior settings can be worked upon. Creating the appropriate potentials for strengthening the major behaviors of space, as well as removing or controlling potentials for disorderly behaviors in space can enable the creation of responsive spaces.
The more the types of users of the behavior settings increase or, in other words, the more the behavior settings become public, the variety of activities increases and the probability of disorderly behaviors also increases. As a result, there are decreases in the amount of agreement with the occurrence of behaviors, the limitation of the time and place of occurrence of behaviors and the concomitance with the physical context. Thereafter, the potential for the occurrence of behavior settings is also reduced. This research identifies the status of each behavior in order to strengthen, reduce, control, or eliminate them by creating spatially balanced platforms and modifying the degree of communication or degree of separation at different levels, such as: behaviors, synomorphic, behavior setting and spaces. Therefore, this study seeks to provide solutions in order to generate better responses of spaces to users’ behavior. Based on these results, one can grasp the correct and realistic understanding of the behavioral currents in each housing space in order to design a space commensurate with the roles and functions of that space, considering the contribution of each behavior in space.