عنوان مقاله [English]
The symbolism of pool in the field of moral traditional architecture of Iran
What is so- called spirituality in Islamic art and architecture has always been present and has guided artists and architects Towards perfection. The pool, in spite of various uses, also has symbolic dignity. Symbolism is a manifestation of human thought and he never separated from it. Symbols are the Possibilities that human beings can see within the hidden world. Human mind, inevitably, wants to cross the appearance to the hidden. And this important request never stops. In other words, he is always looking for reasons. This pursuit of the underlying causes If continues Brings up the man To the same main destination. As a matter of fact,He sees only one cause for all phenomena, and this is The religious perspective. Therefore, it is natural that religious art and architecture has a symbolic nature. The symbol always says something. The same things that can not be expressed in normal conditions by man.by the way; The symbol does not produce art but rather than this is human direction creates art. as the same way, Instability images reflected from the building in front of the Stagnant water hordes has a reminder aspects. And it is not just a reference to the transience of this world and the thought Annihilation everything other than the essence of the greatness of nature. The truth of excellence that does not change, does not die, and will not die. The shaky images Tell us that Everything is unstable except for God.
In traditional and religious civilizations , Architecture has expressed its inner concepts as a symbol. Because that it was thought there were truths in a world that should only be to be expressed in transcendental language not Normal language. The language of the word can not express the hidden truths of this world and you have to hire sign language. The symbol is an instrument for expressing a concept that is absent from our senses. Symbolic expression means for creating a perceptual context for the transfer of Specific concepts. In the tradition of Iranian houses, the pool was constructed to reduce heat and humidity of the air, to abort, wash and store water and irrigation. Pool was ponds in the large courtyards commonly in front of the "Panjdari" is a large room that is often flanked to the main "Talar"(hall) of the house, and most often connected to a large balcony, where five large contiguous windows provide primary views to the main courtyard of the house. Often, architects built pool on one of the main axes of the home space, so that the length of the pool is along the length of the house. Moreover, The pool was a capacity to reflect the beauties of nature and surrounding buildings. In spite of all these words, The pool also has a symbolic function. This article that is written in descriptive and analytical research seeks to explain the hidden and symbolic aspects of the pool.