عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Housing is one of the critical areas, its character, can cause increase the dimensions of human existence. to create this space, in addition to the physical and physiological standards, emotional desires and human interests also should be consider. In recent decades (after modernism), many architects, using current methods of global approaches with local attitudes, and following the realization of this matter they want to producing housing with participation way (similar to what is done in traditional housing ), and they believes that consult of Owner is the factor success in this process. History of social contributions and examples of traditional housing in the city of Sanandaj, cause the tendency in owners to refer the participation of designers because of growing public awareness and understanding of the perspectives of designers, employers generally residential projects, but because the lack of operational criteria, processes ways to design relatively based on taste and done incomplete. This study introduces the field and long horizons and participate in the design of this phenomenon housing; trying to divert attention to housing production involved using the concept of social potential matter.And also developed a model and identify factors include variables and introduce operational techniques, that has stages as follows: by using qualitative, interpretation - historical and correlation research techniques, first we study the "general concepts and approaches to participation" and the participation approach in structural space, than introduce participation in urbanization and architecture With regards to systematic designing methods, symbol language of common architecture, effective dimension and flexibility of each elements that involved in designing are determinate. With these studies, independent variable (participation requirements), interfere variable (real participation) and the dependent variable (housing appropriate) been determined and the cycle relations and empirical model and all factors for each variable are drawn. Preparing the content of each of the variables, target - content table, including four axis: common and special awareness, mechanisms and effective factors in participation, and According to these factors questionnaire is design. Next, we use, survey research methods to analyze questionnaire´s data and use the cause. - Comparison research Method, to final modeling and analysis of hypothesis. four main factors: involvement in executive processes, optimal participation, the role of participants and forming initial participation, and four theories: education, culture, family participation, and adjusted expectations, the following results are become available. - two mine principles in executive participation and participation process optimization (independent variables),have direct or indirect effect on the initial formation of the operating partnership (interfere variable), the optimal participation (dependent variable). - theoretical studies factor, in addition to the positive effect on executive participation stages, can Deteriorate the participants role and has negative effect on it. - theoretical culture factor (self oriented), all cross channel routes to reach the final goal (adjusted expectations). - The main stages of participation and the role of executive participants, directly effect on theoretical expectations, but adjusted the main formation of the initial partnership with its cultural effects, or impact on improving participation can be optimized to play this role. - Also prove that The partnership could utilizing existing social potentials and architectural design, and increase residence incentives.