عنوان مقاله [English]
The development of cities has caused the expansion of urban areas, especially in metropolitan areas. These areas include a complex mix of physical, social, economic, and environmental problems that intensify: exhaustion, poverty, environmental pollution, and social anomalies, in this situation there is a need for urban management systems and urban planning. Urban Regeneration is one of the recent ways of intervening in these areas, which uses community empowerment in order to improve residents's level of participation, to solved the problems of such araes. The goal of community empowerment process is to increase residents's share of the structure of power sources in society, and improving their ability to participate in guiding and controlling changes in and around living environment, which are formed in the context of communication and cooperation between residents and the decision makers.E- empowerment is used to facilitate the relationship between residents and decision makers in order to improve the level of transparency,accountability and access to good governace.Due to the widespread use of cybernetic space by citizens, the realization of E- empowerment in urban decline areas, can be a good solution to improve resident's participation in order to regeneration of these areas.Based on three concepts of:e-participation, e- empowerment and cybernetic space, the participation level of residents in order to regenerate urban declines was assessed in this study, to achieve e-empowerment process adapted pattern for Isfahan declines.
The type of this research is: inductive, practical- benefit, descriptive-analytic, which was done by using below analytic methods:
A Stakeholders analysis(using power- benefit matrix analysis. b-1) Descriptive- statistic analysis.
b-2)Fridman test,b-3) Spearman rank correlation in the SPSS software environment. C) Mind mapping.
By measures and indicators valuation of e-empowerment process, the above analysis led to e-participation level evaluation in Isfahan’s urban decline,and it’s adapted pattern in above districts was produced. The most important findings from the analysis, illustrates that e- empowerment in Isfahan urban declines is a five-step cyclic process, consist of e- education, e-learning, awareness, e-consulting and involving, in cybernetic space context.
This process provides the ground for the participation promotion of key stakeholders specially: central municipality, the district municipality, Renovation and Restoration Organization of Isfahan, Isfahan Islamic Council, Isfahan Governor's Office and Renovation and Improvement Consulting Engineers (Facilitating Offices) and residents of these districts. In this process, the stages of e-learning, awareness and e-involving, in turn are the most important and the hardest steps of implementing, and it’s realization on one hand depends on the effects of social capital (such as trust, satisfaction, profitability in public participation) and on the other hand depends on formal institutional structures (such as: decentralization and decision-making).
The resulted pattern is match to the cultural, social and political structures of the community of urban decay in Isfahan. The depth of the research results indicates the feasibility of this pattern in cybernetic space. This pattern will be used in computer science field, and will lead to the production of tools (application) to extol public participation in cyberspace in the computer software form.