عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Gilan architecture, good examples of the coordination and integration with nature, the result of various factors, climatic, social, economic, cultural and ... Has the greatest impact on the climate and nature is. It seems the area of architectural materials used to form the overall environment is affected. This architecture should be to identify the impact of climatic factors, construction of buildings north of Iran are examined. Therefore, in this study after the introduction of climate characteristics, climate impact on the formation of architectural spaces and elements in this region have paid. This article reviews strategies for sustainable architecture in Gilan; first concept of sustainability, sustainable development and its impact on architecture and targets have been investigated. Then the architecture of Gilan, particularly the impact of climate and natural features, it dealt. More examples of successful buildings in Sustainable Architecture in Japan with a similar climate and North Algvgyry native architecture of the region is the same architecture native Gilan, were analyzed. Finally, comparing features and indigenous architectural similarities Gilan and raised in Japan and strategies for sustainable architecture, Japanese architecture, sustainable solutions Gilan, from the indigenous architecture, has been concluded. Physical architecture of the beautiful native Gilan in the heart of its harmony with nature and have been combined, meet today in order to create an appropriate atmosphere in harmony with nature and climate of the region. So that it can be the best model for achieving sustainable regional architecture, he said. Therefore, rich architectural features of indigenous Guilan, a review of the principles applied in order to achieve solutions for today's architectural design is essential to the region. Be such that the goals of sustainable architecture, its major features and climate of harmony with nature and maintain its regional and optimal use of natural energy to achieve comfort conditions of human life is achieved. In this paper, the first study of indigenous architecture approach Gilan impacts of climate factors on the buildings was considered, then the analysis of Japanese architecture, view and extract the fundamental principles of sustainable design in its climate, considered and finally the analogy of two possible factors impact sustainable architecture climate, sustainable architectural design strategies necessary in Gilan, will conclude. In this study two methods of combining descriptive and comparative analysis was used, and therefore targeted to better understand the facts and circumstances described architecture study, selected samples, with the aim of understanding the nature and status of conditions and events in the relationship between positive factors This architecture was analyzed and described. Given that this study also described the situation illustration of how and why the situation of architecture requires that the principles of argument we compare methods or comparative anatomical study Japanese architecture with continent found a similar benefit.