عنوان مقاله [English]
Leaving one’s parental home disrupts place attachment, described as the affective bond or link between one individual and a specific place and/or the people living in that place. In other words, because students move away from their parents, their friend and their hometown, their bonds with these people and their hometown are disrupted. Although moving disrupts place attachment to their hometown, but moving to a new city provides an opportunity for new students to develop new attachments. Students, after accommodation in a student dormitory on the one hand achieve a new experience in communications and interaction with other people and on the other hand, they expect a student dormitory to be such as home and looking for privacy and their private range and personal area. So the satisfaction of student dormitory largely affected by place territory and attainment of desired privacy. Obviously, in this regard, creating favorable conditions for student could formed positive image of the environment, and developed the emotional relation between individual and student residence environment.
Literature has suggested the existence of a relationship between privacy experience and place attachment. Therefore, the current study focuses on the achievement of optimum privacy could affect place attachment. In this respect, in the theoretical section, definitions and different views on the concept of privacy and place attachment are reviewed and then extracted factors which is affecting on both. So, the mechanisms of formation of privacy are investigated and conditions of place attachment in student dormitory are assessed, by the survey which consists of open and closed questions. As well as to evaluate the effect of gender on the results, navigation in dormitories for male and female students was performed. In this connection, three student dormitories of Shiraz University such Rodaki and Velayat_ the girl's student dormitories_ and Shahid-dastgheyb _the boy's student dormitory_ were selected as case studies. After collecting data, data were analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively. The quantitative analysis, ANOVA analysis of variance, correlation and regression T test was used; and in qualitative part, content analysis method to study interviews was conducted.
The result shows that level of place attachment is affected by the quality of achieving optimum privacy in student dormitory environments. At the same time, research suggests that person‐environment congruence, or the fit between the environment and the person, could be important in determining privacy needs. If a student believes that there is a match between the environment and the students, then they are, for example, more likely to regulate privacy successfully. It means that when environment provide the appropriate conditions (the fit between the environment and the person) to bring the optimal privacy for the individual, he or she attaches to that environment. so students are successful in regulating their privacy, it has been suggested that they will develop more place attachment. Namely, if students are successful in achieving privacy function, then it is hypothesized that people will become more attached to the place, which in turn is expected to lead to a subjective sense of well‐being.