The influence of color spectrums on the feelings of residential space users and the influence of color preference in it

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Candidate of Architectural Technology, Department of Architecture, School of Architecture, College of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Architecture, School of Architecture, College of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

3 Associate Professor, Department of Architectural Technology, School of Architecture, College of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.


Indoor environment have a high impact on the health, well-being and comfort of occupants. The characteristics of space and architectural design components have a direct effect on creating a positive feeling and improving the physical and mental performance of people. As one of the factors that affect the interior environment, colour is one of the most flexible materials that can change the characteristics of space.
In addition to aesthetic features, the colour of space affects human behaviour, decision-making, and health. Therefore, choosing the colour of the living space will have a great impact on feelings of residents. The current research seeks to determine the range of influence of different colour spectrums on residents' feelings and answers the question of how much this influence is affected by residents' personal colour interests and preferences. This research has investigated the effect of colour in three categories of warm, cold and neutral on six emotions of relaxation, excitement, interest, concentration, pressure and participation of user. 286 online questionnaires were used to collect data, and two methods of t-test and path analysis were used for analysis. After analysing the data collected from the questionnaires, the results of the influence of the ranges of warm, cold and neutral colours on the feelings of the residents were determined as follows: the neutral colour spectrum has the highest positive effect on the feeling of relaxation, and the warm colour spectrum has the lowest positive effect. The warm colour spectrum has the highest positive effect on the feeling of excitement, and the cold colour spectrum has the lowest positive effect. The neutral colour spectrum has the highest positive effect on the feeling of interest, and the warm colour spectrum has the lowest positive effect. On the feeling of focus, the neutral colour spectrum has the highest positive effect and the warm colour spectrum has the lowest positive effect. On the feeling of pressure, the neutral colour spectrum has the highest positive effect and the warm colour spectrum has the lowest positive effect. The cold colour range had the highest positive effect and the warm colour range had the least positive effect on the sense of participation.
According to the results and the repetition of the effect of the neutral and warm colour spectrum on the investigated emotions, it can be concluded that the neutral colour spectrum among the three main colour spectrums has the most influence in inducing a positive feeling. Moreover, the warm colour spectrum has the least effect in inducing a positive feeling in the six emotions. The results showed that users have different colour interests regarding the choice of colour for space and furniture and they do not simply choose one colour spectrum for all contexts (walls, ceiling, furniture, etc.). In addition, no correlation was observed in creating a positive feeling in users' emotions with their favourite colour spectrum. But among the users, the category of neutral colour enthusiasts chose neutral colours in most of the contexts and considered it as the increase factor of positive feelings.


Main Subjects

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