Recognition of the value and value factors in the transformation of views on the protection of Cultural Heritage in present century

Document Type : Research Paper



Experts in the field of cultural heritage, in expression of these four components of the message, event, value is tied to the past and the necessity and importance of the concept of value can be said to have mentioned the pillars that form the essence of cultural heritage. Preserve the value of the preservation of historical monuments is one of the important issues in the formation of modern conservation in recent decades has been the charter. Value as one of the most important features is the protection of historical monuments and perceive it to be assigned an important position. In today's speech recognition and protection of cultural heritage value lies in the effect is of particular importance. One of the factors that determine the validity and importance of the issues associated with conservation science. Protection in development policy plays a crucial role. In general, any activity that takes time protection for valuable object or location and hence decisions about treatment and intervention is in effect pursuant to this value. Today, all successful conservation activities will seem to be able to preserve their values. But the definition of the unit of value will be very difficult due to the presence of multiple factors, This concept varies according to the environment and communities. Will follow the principle of relativity, fluid and dynamic concept that according to geographical location, credentials and experience recognized. In protection, the concept of value as an inherent feature of the monument considered and the protection of ideas in the formulation of the Charter, resolutions and international law have had a serious impact, the emphasis is on understanding the security approach. However, a comprehensive definition of the word. And it would make it difficult to identify, Can only theories and laws are distributed to the various features mentioned. Therefore, in this study, which was conducted analytical methods, To explain the concept of value based on the readings semantic components and sub-sectors in the field of protection, to review developments in the field of protection based on the value point of view, analysis and review of written declarations from the standpoint of conservation issues and considered worthy of protection was dominated by the concept of value. The effective component in explaining the value of authenticity, identity, integrity, cultural, and environmental protection were the time and type of intervention and on this basis we can say in determining value when the protective interventions in the physical health over time with respect to the integrity and the dignity inherent based on originality, expression value is done in interaction with environmental media. This concept changed the way values are expressed in terms of internal and external standards, internal standards of authenticity, identity and integrity in dealing with external criteria bed changes, the time and intervention Protection, based on the environmental characteristics of the audience, attitudes and interpretations, ideas and concepts, and the correlation between the value of the change in attitude in the field of protection of monuments impact.


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