Document Type : Research Paper
master student educated
(assistant professor.), Dept. of Architecture and Urban Planning, faculty of art & architecture-beheshti university, Iran
The research problem is that in order to study the educational environment's impact on the formation of social and spatial behaviors among students in educational environments, one can not ignore the students who are the main users of educational spaces and, using only quantitative methods, for the relationships between components Evaluating the environment and judging it based on the social behavior of individuals,Especially that human behavior is a result of the individual's motives and needs, the environment, the mental image of his perception of the outside world and the meaning that this image holds for him.in this regard, students in educational spaces, in addition to teaching instructor, need education during their collective life while attending their college environment, which also contributes to their growth. For this purpose, in assessing the spatial structure of the environment, you must In addition to the relationships between space components, users' spatial perception of the spatial structure of the environment is also considered.
This article is the result of research that pay to the issue of the environment and its impact on people's behavior. The literature on the relationship between humans and the environment, Indicators and analysis methods and extraction of the ambient space structure (which somehow affect on individuals spatial cognition, and can predict the movement of people in space) the method of extracting spatial cognition of the structure of the ambient space, checked in order to measure the physical semantic potential to support the behavior of individuals to be employed. In this regard, the spatial structure of two faculties of Art and Architecture shahid Beheshti University (Tehran )and Bu Ali Sina University (Hamadan) In order to investigate of semantic perception roles in both schools general spaces (Which has been influential in shaping the behavior of students) The Space syntax application being examined. The research in the literature and theoretical foundations step is descriptive _analytical approach with logical reasoning. During the research of qualitative and quantitative methods were used. In this way, individuals social behavior is a qualitative variable, through quantities amounts in space layout approach (visibility graph analysis (VGA)) were measured .In addition to environmental scanning from tools such as observation and interviews were used both by a questionnaire plan-like In this regard, the qualitative approach, reproductive and non-reproductive cognitive maps which is as a result of residents special cognition of the spatial structure of the environment were prepared. Finally, with the implementation of cognitive maps and maps obtained from space syntax method to identify sociality common areas in the context both the faculties were acting, It seems that matching cognitive maps generative - non - reproductive and maps of the spatial configuration, with access to a comprehensive approach in recognizing the socially environments has a significant relationship. In other words, it is worthy that the ambient spatial configuration solely and regardless of the users and their spatial cognition, for recognition the sociability environments (And thus identify low-cost ways in order to improve the physical -spatial structures of learning environments) aren't used until the results to be achieved with more reliability.